August 10, 2022
Monkeypox in Utah County
Monkeypox is a rare disease that is caused by infection with monkeypox virus. Although rare, recent cases in several countries, including the United States, have prompted a response from the CDC.
As with all epidemiologic surveillance, Utah County Health Department works with the CDC, State, and other local health department surveillance systems. Close collaboration is necessary to identify, track, and prevent any further spread of infectious disease.
For more information about monkeypox, please visit the CDC’s website.
The Utah Department of Health and Human Services has determined that the state’s very limited supply of monkeypox vaccine should be reserved for the following populations:
- Individuals who have been exposed through very close contact to a confirmed case of monkeypox.
- Men* who has sex with men (MSM), and have HIV or are immunocompromised.
- MSM and have had several male sexual partners in the last 14 days.
- Individuals who have recently traveled to a high-risk area and had MSM sexual contact.
*cisgender or transgender
Monkeypox can be transmitted person-to-person through:
*direct contact with the infectious rash, scabs, or body fluids
*respiratory secretions during prolonged, face-to-face contact, or during intimate physical contact, such as kissing, cuddling, or sex
*touching items (such as clothing or linens) that previously touched the infectious rash or body fluids
Because monkeypox can be spread via skin-to-skin contact with an infected person, it is important to avoid close, intimate, or sexual contact with anyone who has flu-like symptoms or a rash.
Condoms will not prevent the spread of monkeypox.
People are not contagious until they have symptoms.
Symptoms of monkeypox usually begin 7-14 days after exposure but can range from 5-21 days.
The initial symptoms of monkeypox are usually fever, chills, body/muscle/headaches, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue.
1 to 3 days after fever, a rash appears, sometimes on or near the genitals or anus, but sometimes in other areas like the hands, feet, chest, or face.
*Sores/rash may be inside the body, including the mouth, vagina, or anus.
*The rash will go through several stages. The sores often begin as small, red bumps, which become fluid-filled pustules that eventually scab over and fall off.
*Some people experience a rash or sores first, followed by other symptoms and some only experience a rash or sores without other symptoms.
*Symptoms usually last 2-4 weeks. People with symptoms should stay isolated the entire time they have symptoms.
The illness is over when all pustules have scabbed over and fallen off, and new skin is present. People are contagious the entire time they have symptoms. Most people recover fully with no treatment. People with severe illness or who are immunocompromised may receive antiviral medication with approval.
If you have had an exposure or have symptoms, please contact your health care provider or contact us below.